Flourine Elemental Testing and Analysis
Established in 1956, Midwest Microlab Inc. is equipped to provide rapid accurate organic microchemical analysis to research and industry. Specialties include analysis for Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, direct Oxygen, and halogens including Fluorine.
What is Fluorine?
Fluorine (from L. fluere, meaning “to flow”), is the chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol F and atomic number 9. Atomic fluorine is univalent and is the most chemically reactive and electronegative of all the elements.
In its pure form, it is a poisonous, pale, yellow-green gas, with chemical formula F2. Like other halogens, molecular fluorine is highly dangerous; it causes severe chemical burns on contact with skin.
Fluorine’s relatively large electronegativity and small atomic radius makes it have some interesting bonding characteristics.
Pure fluorine (F2, since fluorine is diatomic) is a corrosive pale yellow gas that is a powerful oxidizing agent. It is the most reactive and electronegative of all the elements, and readily forms compounds with most other elements.
Fluorine even combines with the noble gases, krypton, xenon, and radon. Even in dark, cool conditions, fluorine reacts explosively with hydrogen. It is so reactive that glass, metals, and even water, as well as other substances, burn with a bright flame in a jet of fluorine gas.
It is far too reactive to be found in elemental form and has such an affinity for most elements, including silicon, that it can neither be prepared nor be kept in glass vessels. In moist air it reacts with water to form the equally dangerous hydrofluoric acid.
In aqueous solution, fluorine commonly occurs as the fluoride ion F-. Other forms are fluoro-complexes, such as [FeF4]-, or H2F+.
Fluorides are compounds that combine fluorine with some positively charged counterpart. They often consist of ions. Fluorine compounds with metals are among the most stable of salts.
Analysis of Fluorine using the ISE:
The appropriate size solid sample is weighed and inserted into a micro bomb. The bomb is then charged with the appropriate reagents to completely digest the fluorine compound. The apparatus is clamped shut and heated in a flame for 60 seconds. The contents are washed out and diluted.
The readings taken with the electrode are compared against readings from two dilutions of NaF standard. Thus a standardization check is done every time fluorine is determined.
The preceding is a brief description of our techniques used in fluorine determinations. With air-sensitive and/ or liquid samples digestion is done after sealing the sample in a Sn Capsule. Fluorine is a complex and labor intensive determination.
It is important to note that the sample does not come into contact with glass through out the process. Aluminum and -OH are the only know interferences. Strong base is circumvented in the dilution process.
With some modifications this determination is carried out according to the method of Ma and Rittner (“Modern Organic Elemental Analysis” Marcel Dekker Inc. New York, NY 1979)
Please phone or e-mail us if you have specific questions about Fluorine analysis in regard to your sample.
Relevant sites for Florine:
Fluorine can often be substituted for hydrogen when it occurs in organic compounds. Through this mechanism, fluorine can have a very large number of…
The introduction of carbon – fluorine bonds into organic compounds can profoundly influence their chemical and physical properties when compared to their…
…by which hydrogen is substituted by fluorine in organic compounds …of an organic compound in aHF is not necessary for efficient fluorination…
A method for the preparation of a fluorine – containing organic compound which comprises reacting a sulphonyl halide of the formula: RfSO.sub.2 X where Rf…
The fluorine – containing compounds of carbon can be divided into fluorine – containing hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon derivatives (
Halogen: a member of group VII of the Periodic Table – fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine. Halide: a compound of one of these – e.g. hydrogen chloride…